Impact of Historic Fires on Today's Building Regulations
'Heat cannot be separated from fire, or beauty from The Eternal.'
- Dante Alighieri (1265-1321), famous Italian poet.
When ancient man first saw lighting strike wood and create fire, he discovered the greatest discovery of all time. Fire is a prerequisite for human development; however, unable it can become best enemy. That is why great care is delivered to ensure human habitation conforms to some regulations. When it reaches this joint, it is illuminating to appreciate about some historic fires that had an affect on today's building regulations. Although tragic, these fires taught worthwhile lessons to firefighting personnel and contributed towards a safer present.
In chronological order, experience improvements in just historic fires are described following. Note that this list is not ample.
1. Iroquois Theater Fire (1903) - Occurred in Chicago and resulted in 602 casualties, making it the deadliest single-building fire in U.S. record. Although touted as 'Absolutely Fireproof' during its opening a month formerly the fire, the theater had no extinguishers, sprinklers, alarms, telephones, or water connections. architectural deficiencies included confusing and converging exits that led to bottlenecks and impassive fire escapes. After the fire, caused by an exploding arc light, all theaters across the city were closed for six months and building regulations were extensively revised, resulting each morning 'panic bar' and an establish limit to the most involving seats between aisles in order to six or eight for faster evacuation.
2. Cocoanut Grove Fire (1942) - Occurred in Boston and claimed 492 lives, making it the the deadliest nightclub fire in U.S. history. A match lit any patron ignited the fire that inflated quickly due to the employment of combustible decorations. The shock of the loss even replaced World war 2 from the newspaper headlines for some days. accordingly, Massachusetts and other states stipulated that public establishments cannot have flammable decorations and inward-swinging exit door panels. Also, it was made absolute that exit signs be visible at all times, and revolving doors must be flanked by a minimum of one normal, outward-swinging side.
3. Winecoff Hotel Fire (1946) - Occurred in Georgia and resulted in 119 deaths, rendering it the deadliest hotel fire in Ough.S. history. The hotel did not have a fire sprinkler system or an alarm to warn guests of emergencies, Moreover, the single exit staircase soon became expressionless, trapping individuals their rooms. These deficiencies were addressed in consequent revisions to building legal requirements.
4. MGM Grand Hotel Fire (1980) - Occurred in Las Vegas and claimed 87 lives while injuring 700 others. Unlike the formerly fires, the majority of the casualties were due to bad fumes within the mortgage burning PVC piping, wallpaper, and plastic mirrors. There had not been accustomed fire sprinkler system in the casino portion of the building, which had those dangerous wall and ceiling does. Subsequently, all hotels were required to put absolute sprinkler procedures.
It took a few tragedies for lessons to be learned. But one can never be too aware.there's a reason there is an existing saying about 'playing with fire'.